The Perceiving Subject
The conscious individual is at the centre of the puzzles, and it is the omission of this phenomenon from the physics that produces the paradoxes. It has seemed that the conscious individual could hardly be relevant to the physics of the objective physical world, which is of course the case. But the quantum dynamics is the operation of the world of the conscious individual, and this is a completely different type of phenomenon. As shown here, it is the world superposition, the class-of-worlds-as-a-world. It is a different type of frame of reference, and this is what has given rise to all the philosophical impossibilities in the new physics.
As explained by David Mermin in his article in Nature, the central problem is not something undiscovered, but something that has been very specifically omitted. The great paradoxes in both pillars of the new physics come about because the perceiving subject has been excluded from the science, and all are resolved by including it:
In Nature and the Greeks, Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger traced the removal of the subject from science back more than two millennia. Alongside the spectacular success of physical science, this exclusion of personal experience has given rise to some vexing and persistent puzzles and paradoxes.
Two such unrelated long-standing problems are both resolved by recognizing that the perceiving subject has as important a role to play in understanding the nature of physical science as does the perceived object.
The first problem is the notorious disagreement, confusion and murkiness that for almost a century has plagued the foundations of quantum mechanics, in spite of the theory’s extraordinary usefulness and power. The second, less famous, problem has been with us at least as long: there seems to be nothing in physics that singles out ‘the present moment’. Albert Einstein called this the problem of ‘the Now’. Both problems are symptoms of the exclusion from physical science of the perceiving subject, and are solved by restoring what the ancient Greeks removed. (2014)
As Mermin explains, these problems do not exist in the frame of reference of the perceiving subject.
Once this frame of reference is adopted, strange behaviour of Schrödinger’s cat and Wigner’s friend is explained. In the experience of the wicked scientist, the cat is both alive and dead because experience, making observations, is all that counts. Similarly, the passage of time and the Now are clearly features of this frame of reference. The great difficulty that remains is the complete lack of explanatory principle. What is so special about the perceiving subject? What does it mean? The answer is that there is far more to the perceiving subject than we have conceived. Naturally, this is the same thing as the usual concept we have of ourselves. The perceiving subject is a property of the ordinary physical body-mind one identifies with. But at the same time it is in certain respects very different to our accustomed ideas. These differences not only explain the great puzzles in the new physics, they reveal extraordinary capabilities of one’s own personal situation we have been completely unaware of.
The Perceptual Reality
The nature of the perceptual reality is crucial. This is the reality generated ‘in here’ by the neural system of the brain, so the person can represent and understand the environment, the world ‘out there’, and interact with it. You are experiencing a virtual reality movie, generated by the brain. As described in The World Hologram, the reality one actually experiences directly is the sensorium, the report of our senses rendered in the form of a three-dimensional virtual reality. This is projected onto the real world. The whole system is the world hologram.
It matches up perfectly to the physical reality, as it must. It is vital that this display is a precise rendition of what is actually there. So it seems fairly obvious that when we do physics experiments, on the real world, the world hologram is just what enables us to interact with the physical world, and do experiments, and observe the results in reality.
The Frame of Reference
However, when it comes to observing the results, this is taking place in the world superposition. The frame of reference of making observations is the frame of reference of the perceiving subject, and this is present in a great number of worlds all at once; and the result is a quantum system that behaves like Schrödinger’s cat and Wigner’s friend. It is indeterminate except where personally observed, just stated in QBism.
The individual is the subject of this frame of reference, and when experiments are done on the physical world, it is this frame of referenced, the physical reality of the inside view, that is being researched, as well as the objective physical reality, the world of the outside view. It gives identically the same results in Newtonian type experiments because the world superposition behaves exactly like a single specific determinate world does. But in quantum physics experiments the nature of the frame of reference is revealed to be a second logical-type phenomenon. Hence Schrödinger’s cat and Wigner’s friend. The conscious individual, the perceiving subject of the frame of reference in operation, is the holographic field of information defined by the record of observations.
The perceiving subject also explains the paradoxes of relativity, as described in Universe Consciousness. Here the nature of consciousness is crucial, the consciousness that experiences the perceptual reality. For the dynamics of physics to be enacted, there has to be something that is to reality the way the movie projector is to the fames of the movie film. As as Weyl states, this is the experiencing consciousness. This is the other vital property of the perceiving subject. The perceiving subject is the world hologram, experienced by consciousness. The result is the movie of life, as the frame of reference of consciousness passes from moment to moment and from instant to instant. To omit either of the fundamental properties of the perceiving subject is bound to make these matters incomprehensible. Since both have been missing, there has been no place to start unravelling the mysteries. Were Weyl accepted, this would lead to the significance of the world hologram and its frame of reference in the physical. Were Everett accepted, the significance of the world hologram would lead to the significance of consciousness. The third logical type phenomenon suggests the second, and vice versa.
The other vital piece of this puzzle is that this individual, the perceiving subject, is a completely different type of thing to the entity we naturally identify as: the physical body-mind. As explained in Quantum Immortality, the world hologram is not only the higher self, the who you really are ‘in here’, it is the soul. The entity defined by the holographic field of information is immortal because experience always continues. The movie runs for ever. The body-mind, of course, is not. And the immediate impact is enormous also. The individual is effectively the same thing as the world encountered. It is because of this equivalence that the law of attraction effectively operates, as described in Interactive Destiny. The identifying with the world, and the appreciation of the nature of consciousness, is the gnosis of bygone Pagan spirituality and Gnostic Christianity. Just how different this type of being is to the ordinary identity of the body-mind is indicated by the fact that the ‘components’ of the perceiving subject translate effortlessly into the type presented in the Gnostic trinity. This is described in Quantum Trinity.
Although we are of course physical entities, body-minds, we are primarily holographic fields of information. This is the simple but weird concept presented here, that resolves all the great problems. It is the frame of reference of this entity that operates the dynamics of the new physics. As described, as such an entity one exists in many worlds in the universe of all possible worlds; and the physical reality is their superposed sum. That produces the Qbism-type world, and makes complete sense of quantum theory, as demonstrated here. This is experienced by universe consciousness, which fully resolves the paradoxes of relativity. The great problem has been that both concepts have no place in modern physics. As Mermin points out, the perceiving subject has been completely missing. This is a disastrous omission on several counts. This is the essential protagonist of the dynamics, and it is the frame of reference of this entity on which defines the physical reality. Moreover, it is this entity that embodies the logical types missing from the current paradigm. And as Russell makes clear, failing to take logical type into account inevitably produces nonsense results and paradox.